Wood science is the study of wood as a material that is renewable and of biological origin. The processes and the tools used to utilize the material is what is known as wood technology. To be able to study wood it has to be compared to other products. Materials properties, ease of it being worked on and its value are among the few properties which are compared against those of wood and other materials. Wood has many advantages and this technology takes the advantages and utilizes them. Wood can be applied in very many applications, and this gives it an upper hand over other materials. Once a tree has been cut down another can be planted in the same spot. All the parts of wood can be put into use, and this makes it a better fit than other materials which most of their byproducts are a waste.
Protection of wooden structure and products is a must if you want to keep the good looks in place. This protection is from moisture and insects which are the biggest threat to wood. The rotting and decay of the timber products are caused by the moisture and the insects. Alkaline copper Quaternary or the ACQ has turned out to be a very effective way wood preservation. This is a copper-based preservative that is applied to the wood for protection. Although being a good method to use for wood protection it has presents some few challenges. It is a highly corrosive chemical that affects most metals that are used together with the wooden products. The species of the wood and the application of the wood will determine how many chemicals will be used on the wood. The level of chemical concentration will be determined by where the piece of wood is going to be put to use.
Another wood treating method that is fast being accepted is the use of copper metal. This method is being accepted fast because is friendly to wooden fasteners. An alternative name to be given to this method is the micronized copper wood preservative method. A high-pressure liquid that has the copper metal mixed in it is driven into the wood. The difference between this method and the other copper-based methods is that the copper is used as a metal rather than a dissolved material. The characteristics of the wood are highly improved and the when this process is used to treat wood. The time the wood products treated using this method last is longer other types of treatment.
The micronized copper preservative has proven to be highly effective in protecting the wood against fungal decay and termites. It has also shown to be an improvement in corrosion resistant properties to metal fasteners. Extensive research over a period of 10 years has proven the effectiveness of this science as one of the best wood preservation methods.