Our ARINC Protocol Training covers the ARINC standard, its implementation, as well as comparisons with standard IEEE Ethernet. Hands‐on lab. The latest ARINC data bus specification is known as ARINC This bus standard is based on an Airbus Industries proprietary data bus known as AFDX. Avionics Full Duplex Ethernet and the Time Sensitive Networking Standard. 2. Topics. Presented by. SECTION 2. ✓ AFDX® Detailed.
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Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet AFDX is a data network, patented by international aircraft manufacturer Airbus for safety-critical applications that utilizes dedicated bandwidth while providing deterministic quality of service QoS.
AFDX is a worldwide registered trademark by Airbus. The six primary aspects of an AFDX data network include 646 duplexredundancy, determinism, high speed performance, switched and profiled network.
Avionics Full-Duplex Switched Ethernet
Many commercial aircraft use the ARINC standard developed in for safety-critical applications. ARINC utilizes a unidirectional bus with a single transmitter and up to twenty receivers. A data word consists of 32 bits communicated over a twisted pair cable using the bipolar return-to-zero modulation. There are two speeds of transmission: ARINC operates in such a way that its single transmitter communicates in a point-to-point connection, thus requiring a significant amount of wiring which amounts to added weight.
This ADN operates without the use of a bus controller thereby increasing the reliability of the network architecture.
AFDX/ARINC Interface Chip – MEN
The drawback is that it requires custom hardware which can add significant cost to the aircraft. AFDX was designed as the next-generation aircraft data network.
Basing on standards from the IEEE AFDX was developed by Airbus Industries for the A,  initially to address real-time issues for flight-by-wire system development. A similar implementation [ clarify ] of deterministic Ethernet is used on the Boeing Dreamliner.
Multiple switches can be bridged together in a cascaded star topology. This type of network can significantly reduce wire runs and, thus, the overall weight of the aircraft. In addition, AFDX can provide quality of service and dual link redundancy. By adding key elements from ATM to those already found in Ethernet, and constraining the specification of various options, a highly reliable full-duplex deterministic network is created providing arinf bandwidth and quality of service QoS.
The network is designed in such a way that all critical traffic is prioritized using QoS policies so delivery, latency, and jitter are all guaranteed to be within set parameters. Through the use of twisted pair or fiber optic cables, full-duplex Ethernet uses two separate pairs or strands for transmitting and receiving the data. AFDX extends standard Ethernet to provide high data integrity and deterministic timing.
Further a redundant pair of networks is used to improve the system integrity although a virtual link may be configured to use one or the other network only.
It specifies interoperable functional elements at the following OSI reference model layers:. In one abstraction, it is possible to visualise the VLs as an ARINC style network each with one source and one or more destinations. Virtual links are unidirectional logic paths from the source end-system to all of the destination end-systems. The virtual link ID is a bit unsigned integer value that follows a constant bit field.
The switches are designed to route an incoming frame from one, and only one, end system to a predetermined set of end stwndard. There can be one or more receiving end systems connected within each virtual link. Each virtual link is allocated dedicated bandwidth [sum of all VL bandwidth allocation gap BAG rates x MTU] with the total amount of bandwidth defined by the system integrator. However, total bandwidth cannot exceed the maximum available bandwidth on the network.
Adinc communications must therefore require the specification of a complementary VL. Each VL is frozen in specification to ensure that the network has a designed maximum traffic, hence determinism. Also the switch, having a VL configuration table loaded, can reject any erroneous data transmission that may otherwise swamp other branches of the network. Additionally, there can be sub-virtual links sub-VLs that are designed stanndard carry less critical data.
Sub-virtual links are assigned to a particular virtual link. Data are read in a round-robin sequence among the virtual links with data to transmit. Also sub-virtual links do not provide guaranteed bandwidth or latency due to the buffering, but AFDX specifies that latency is measured from the traffic regulator function anyway.
This is the maximum rate data can be sent, and it is guaranteed to be sent at that interval. Each switch has filtering, policing, and forwarding functions that should be able to process at least VLs.
Therefore, in a network with multiple switches cascaded star standarrdthe total number of virtual links is nearly limitless. There is 646 specified limit to the number of virtual links that can be handled by each end system, although this will be determined by the BAG rates and maximum frame size specified for each VL versus aricn Ethernet data rate.
However, the number sub-VLs that may be created in a single virtual link is arind to four. The switch must also be non-blocking at the data rates that are specified by the system integrator, and in practice this may mean that the switch shall have a switching capacity that is the sum of all of its physical ports.
However, some features of a real AFDX switch may be missing, such as traffic policing sfandard redundancy functions. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market. Retrieved May 28, Real-time solution on the A” PDF. Archived from the original PDF on Airbus and Rockwell Collins: Innovating together for the A XWB”.
CS1 – FPGA with Integrated AFDX/ARINC-664
AgustaWestland asserts its independence in the cockpit”. Qrinc architecture adopted by AgustaWestland is centered around the AFDX data network developed for the latest commercial airliners. Ethernet family of local area network technologies. Retrieved from ” https: Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Archived copy as title All Wikipedia articles needing clarification Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September Views Read Edit View history.