Taguchi recomienda el uso de arreglos ortogonales para hacer matrices que contengan los controles y los factores de ruido en el diseño de experimentos. Taguchi method with Orthogonal Arrays reducing the sample size from. , to only seleccionó utilizando el método de Taguchi con arreglos ortogonales. Taguchi, el ingeniero que hizo los arreglos ortogonales posible con el fin de obtener productos robustos.

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The questionnaire is answered by the children’s parents.

Tests and results from the ANN were observed to find the factor’s that consistently generate gin Autism diagnosis. From a total of 29 items, the evaluation algorithm only takes into account 12 items, 5 items that evaluate the child’s ability to communicate which are: The most common technique is the factorial design which considers all the possible combinations for the variables and their states or levels [30]. The ANN was trained using the back-propagation method and it consists of 3 layers, the input layer has 40 neurons, the hidden layer has 60 and the output layer has 1 neuron see Figure 4.

The evaluations, made by trained and experienced health care professionals, are very important in order to assess strengths and weaknesses in the child and associated developmental impairments.

Genichi Taguchi by Alfonso Armendariz on Prezi

ANN can be classified depending on their learning process as presented in Figure 2. Different modules and tasks of the test are mainly oriented towards evaluating the level of communication and specific behaviors in social interactions. Mayra Reyes Calle del PuenteCol. Increasing the number xe hidden neurons can prevent from falling in a local minimum and diminish the error, but it might consist of a long training process [23].

Learning can be supervised, where both inputs and desired outputs are well known and the ANN must infer the input-output relationship. Medium and low impact factors alone diagnose no Autism; see Table 6 rows 2 and 3. Remote access to EBSCO’s databases is permitted to patrons of subscribing institutions accessing from remote locations for arreglow, non-commercial use. Remembering that values from the ANN output above or equal to 0.


In order to validate the network, 11 different cases were used. Kanner, “Autistic disturbances of affective contact”, Nervous child, vol 2. For the presented work here, the hold out validation method was used. The summed squared error is the E given by where E p is the error on pattern p.

Only when these three conditions are met, then the case is diagnosed as Autism.

It usually takes between tagucyi to 60 minutes arerglos be applied and the test consists of activities performed by the child in interaction of the expert who observes him and assigns a grade [18]. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. As every tool, ANN should be analyzed before using it with each specific situation. Inthe Ministry of Health of Mexico published the guide “Diagnosis and Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorders” with recommendations oriented to early diagnosis and intervention algorithms, recognizing that timely care is a crucial factor in order for these children to achieve the maximum functioning level and independence, and facilitate educational planninghealth care and family assistance.

Evaluación de la Robustez del sistema Mahalanobis-Taguchi a diferentes Arreglos Factoriales.

Where The error is define as the quadratic error E p at the output units for pattern p between the desired output and the real output is tagchi desired output for unit o in pattern p. It can be observed that most of these methods have used a large sample size in order to train their models and none of them have tried to minimize the sample size. Tamilarasi, “Prediction of autistic disorder using orotgonales fuzzy system by applying ANN technique”, International journal of developmental neuroscience, vol.

The number of cases for the network training data was minimized using the Taguchi method with Orthogonal Arrays. The orrtogonales with this evaluation is that all areas are weighted equally; as long as the sums achieve the set points Autism is diagnosed. Table 5 Once the ANN was trained and validated, the following step was to classify the 12 factors through their impact on diagnosis.

This abstract may be abridged. This classification was compared to ortogonalss work done by [28]. It is clear that “definitely abnormal” in two areas is not exactly the same as “mildly abnormal” in four areas since mildly abnormal could be easier to overcome than a definitely abnormal.


Wing, “The autistic spectrum”, The lancet,pp. Van Der Smagt The diagnostic criteria has been derived through consensus among specialists and the diagnostic cut-offs are hard to define.

The error is define as the quadratic error E p at the output units for pattern p between the desired output and the real output. The big difference between both works is that they used individuals to train the ADT while the methodology here presented used only 27 cases using the Taguchi method to select the training data. Inside each layer there are several neurons which are processing units that send information through weighted signals to each other and an activation function determines the output as shown in Figure 1.

Juan Navarro” in Mexico City [8], which was based on the multidisciplinary Consensus Panel described by Filipek et al. It usually begins during the first 24 months of life; this period is defined as crucial for the maturation of human neural circuits. Unfortunately this type of evaluation based on sums is not focusing on the main aspects that determine Autism diagnosis, therefore there are many aspects that are believed to be relevant symptoms for Autism but the real impact factors have not been determined according to their severity or impact.

The output value is a number in the range of 0 and 1 because the activation function was a hyperbolic tangent sigmoid function see Figure 5for this reason, the output values above or equal to 0.

This algorithm evaluation is shown as the last column in Table 4. The input of a neuron would be the weighted sum of its entire input links plus a bias or ortoglnales.

Diagnosis is achieved by behavioral evaluations specifically designed to identify and measure the presence and severity of the disorder.