Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe .. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-, meaning excessive, and emesis, meaning vomiting, and the Latin gravidarum, the feminine. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Mar 1, , N. González-Alonso and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Dec 31, , J. Lombardía Prieto and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }.

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American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

A small percentage rarely vomit, but the nausea still causes most if not all of the same issues that grafidica with vomiting does. Diagnoses to be ruled out include the following: Archived from the original on 29 October Hyperemesis gravidarum is considered a diagnosis of exclusion. If oral nutrition is insufficient, intravenous nutritional support may be needed.

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BMJ Clinical research ed. Distention of the gastrointestinal tract Crossover with TSHcausing gestational thyrotoxicosis [5]. Cherry and Merkatz’s complications of pregnancy 5th ed.


Patients might receive parenteral nutrition intravenous feeding via a PICC line or enteral nutrition via a nasogastric tube or a nasojejunal tube. Based on symptoms [3].

Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Home care is available in the form of a peripherally-inserted central catheter PICC line for hydration and nutrition. Archived PDF from the original on However, cycles of hydration and dehydration can occur, making continuing care necessary. Retrieved 5 December Archived from the original on 30 November Retrieved from ” https: European Journal of Internal Medicine. Amniotic fluid embolism Cephalopelvic disproportion Dystocia Shoulder dystocia Fetal distress Locked twins Obstetrical bleeding Postpartum Pain management during childbirth placenta Placenta accreta Preterm birth Postmature birth Umbilical cord prolapse Uterine inversion Uterine rupture Vasa praevia.

Retrieved 8 September International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. After rehydration, treatment focuses on managing symptoms to allow normal intake of food.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

It is thought that HG is due to a combination of factors which may vary between women and include genetics. Ondansetron may be beneficial, however, there are some concerns regarding an association with cleft palate[33] and there is little high-quality data. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. New England Journal of Medicine.


Thalidomide was prescribed for grsvidica of HG in Europe until it was recognized that thalidomide is teratogenic and is a cause of phocomelia in neonates. Manual of obstetrics 7th ed. Archived from the original on In addition, electrolyte levels should be monitored and supplemented; of particular concern are sodium and potassium.

Hyperemesis gravidarum – Wikipedia

Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge was hospitalised due to hyperemesis gravidarum during her first pregnancy, and was treated for a similar condition during the subsequent grvidica. Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder [36] are common secondary complications of HG and emotional support can be beneficial.

Drinking fluids, bland diet, intravenous fluids [2]. A number of antiemetics are effective and safe in pregnancy including: