The term “pinworm” refers to Enterobius vermicularis, a tiny, threadlike, white roundworm (formally known as a nematode) that infects the. Learn about pinworms, the facts on how the infection is spread, and the life cycle of how long it lasts in humans. Gravid females move outside the anus during the night and deposit eggs in the perianal area. The larvae in the egg become infective in approximately 4 hours.
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Almost the entire body of a gravid female becomes filled with eggs. These would be swallowed and follow the same development as ingested eggs. The pinworm has a worldwide distribution,  and is the most common helminth i. During night time, the female crawl out of the anus of the human host for egg laying.
Gravid females migrate nocturnally outside the anus and oviposit while crawling on the skin of the perianal area. Adult worms may sometimes be observed on the surface of fresh stool samples. vefmicularis
The egg shell is digested in the duodenum of the host and the larvae are released.
Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Person-to-person transmission can also occur through handling of contaminated clothes or bed linens. Enterobius vermicularis [this species causes perianal pruritis enterobiasis in humans] Parasite morphology: Humans are vermiculxris only natural host of Enterobius vermicularis.
However, individual families often spend considerable time and money trying to rid themselves of infections.
Enterobius vermicularis life cycle | Information by Catalina… | Flickr
Diagnostic pathology of parasitic infections with clinical correlations PDF Second ed. National Library of Medicine.
The time interval from ingestion of infective eggs to oviposition by the adult females is about one month. The disease caused by pinworm is known as oxyuriasis.
The parasite may complete its whole life-cycle in weeks, and infections may become progressively heavier due to continual parasite uptake through auto-infection, re-infection and retro-infection.
Treatment should be repeated after about 10 days to kill any newly-acquired worms. Retrieved 21 August Enterobiasis may also be acquired through surfaces in the environment that are contaminated with pinworm eggs e. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Derivative works of this file: This page was last edited on 21 Septemberat National Center for Biotechnology Information, U. Practical guide to diagnostic parasitology.
The pinworm genus Enterobius is vetmicularis type of roundworm nematodeand three species of pinworm have been identified with certainty. Global Health — Division of Parasitic Diseases. Journal of Medical Case Reports. The eggs, however, are not excreted with faecal ctcle, but are attached to the perianal skin.
The life span of the adults is about two months. The entire life cycle, from egg to adult, takes place in the human gastrointestinal tract of a single host,   from about 2—4 weeks  or about 4—8 weeks.
What Are Pinworms?
Parents of infected children should be vermicualris to collect appropriate samples to respect patient rights and privacy especially involving minors and alleviate any shame or embarrassment. This page was last edited on 9 Marchat The pinworm species Enterobius vermicularisalso known as threadworm in the United Kingdom and Australasia or seatwormis a parasitic worm.
Following ingestion of infective eggs, the larvae hatch in the small intestine and the adults establish themselves in the colon. Description Enterobius vermicularis LifeCycle.
Enterobius vermicularis life cycle
It grows in human caecum, colon and appendix. Piperazine has been used for many years but requires a longer course of treatment. Retrieved 18 November